Periodontal disease, or gum disease, is a result of an accumulation of bacterial plaque on teeth and gums. Periodontal (gum) diseases range in severity from simple gum inflammation to serious disease that results in major damage to the soft tissue and bone that support the teeth.
Two major stages exist when it comes periodontal disease which is gingivitis and periodontitis. Gingivitis is the earlier stage and is a mild gum disease that is caused by the build-up of plaque surrounding the gum line and causes it to become inflamed. Neglecting to brush and floss on a daily basis can lead to this build-up which traps bacteria and causes gum disease. You will notice your gums to start appearing swollen and red and you can even notice bleeding when you floss or brush. If treated early, this can be reversed.
What Are Some of the Risk Factors of Gum Disease?
Any of the following that applies to you may put you at risk in developing gum disease:
- Systematic diseases like osteoporosis and diabetes
- Alcohol and tobacco use
Furthermore, you increase its risk by taking the following prescription drugs:
- Cancer therapy drugs
- Anti-epilepsy drugs
- Calcium channel blockers
- Oral contraceptives
Periodontal Disease Symptoms
Gum disease is considered by many as a “silent” disease its warning signs aren’t always accompanied by pain. Visit your dentist if you are experiencing any of these:
- Loose teeth
- Gums bleed when brushing your teeth
- Tender, swollen or red gums
- Bad breath persists
- Abscesses in your gums
- There is a bad taste in your mouth
- Receding gums
Balmain Dental is a leading dental practice when it comes to the treatment of periodontal diseases. We specialise in the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of periodontal disease. We work closely with a specialist periodontist to achieve the optimum oral health outcome for you.
Contact us today and set an appointment if you are experiencing symptoms related to periodontal disease.